Medical achievements throughout all of Africa:


Many treatments we use today were employed by several ancient peoples throughout Africa. Before the European invasion of Africa, medicine in what is now Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa, to name just a few places, was more advanced than medicine in Europe. Some of these practices were the use of plants with salicylic acid for pain (as in aspirin), kaolin for diarrhea (as in Kaopectate), and extracts that were confirmed in the 20th century to kill Gram positive bacteria. Other plants used had anticancer properties, caused abortion and treated malaria — and these have been shown to be as effective as many modern-day Western treatments. Furthermore, Africans discovered ouabain, capsicum, physostigmine and reserpine. Medical procedures performed in ancient Africa before they were performed in Europe include vaccination, autopsy, limb traction and broken bone setting, bullet removal, brain surgery, skin grafting, filling of dental cavities, installation of false teeth, what is now known as Caesarean section, anesthesia and tissue cauterization . In addition, African cultures preformed surgeries under antiseptic conditions universally when this concept was only emerging in Europe.


Central Africa, sometimes referred to as Middle Africa, is located on the continent, south of the Sahara desert, east of West African nations, and west of the Great Rift Valley.Central Africa has a long history of human occupation, with the first writing in the region dating back as far back as 3000 B.C.E.The earliest occupants of Central Africa were Dravidians, Egyptians, Sumerians, Niger-Kordofanian-Mande and Elamite speakers who settled the region and began creating a system of community development.  This system included sophisticated farming, growing crops, forging tools and weapons from metal and animal husbandry.  Central African nations are Angola, Democratic Republic of Congo, (aformentioned to be considered a part of Southern African nations as well), Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Equatorial Guinea, Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe.

Frank Boulware, Sr. Legacy Scholarship



Central Africa

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Created by:

Brandon A. Mashack